Translation by FDFE* of the publication from the French Government website:        https://www.gouvernement.fr/derriere-la-fumee-une-campagne-pour-sensibiliser-sur-les-risques-du-cannabis                                                                              Initially published on: 22/08/2021

School dropout, work or domestic accidents, insecurity,… The Government launches a major awareness campaign to warn about the consequences of the most commonly used drug in France.

With 900,000 daily users, cannabis is the most widely used drug in France. According to the French Public Health Barometer, nearly half of adults aged 18 to 64 (45%) have already used it, while 39% of 17-year-olds have experienced it, including 7% of regular smokers.

In recent years, smoked cannabis has been much higher in THC (1) than in previous generations. According to figures from the National Technical and Scientific Police Service (TSP), the level of THC in cannabis resin – the molecule responsible for the psychotropic effects of this drug – has tripled in the past 20 years, increasing the potential for dependence and causing hospitalizations.

The risks associated with the use of this drug, whether health, educational or social, are still too little known and/or underestimated. This is why the Government is launching a massive communication campaign to raise awareness about the consequences of cannabis use and trafficking.

This measure was announced by the Prime Minister in May 2021, at the end of the Interministerial Committee against Narcotics.

“The fight against drug trafficking is a priority for government action. Drug trafficking is indeed a scourge that destroys part of our youth, constitutes a devastating underground economy and paralyzes entire neighborhoods of the Republic.”        Jean Castex, Prime Minister

Reach the largest number

In order to raise the awareness of the general public and the youngest, the device is available in a TV spot, cinema and online; a campaign in the local and national media, and a poster campaign throughout the territory. The operation targets three main areas:

1. Consequences of cannabis use for adolescents and their education     

Young people who regularly use cannabis often have lower educational outcomes. According to an INSERM (2) study, early cannabis users (under the age of 17) have a higher probability of not exceeding the baccalaureate. Cannabis use can also precipitate the onset of psychiatric disorders (anxiety, depression, psychotic syndromes).

2.The risk of domestic accidents, a phenomenon that has been expanding for 10 years                           

Pediatric poisoning is the ingestion of pieces of cannabis resin, left by neglect around children.

A study by the National Network of Addictovigilance of the ANSM (3) reports a constant increase, since 2014, in the number of these intoxications by accidental ingestion, mainly in children under 2 years, occurring most often in the family setting.

The ANSM alerts health professionals and the general public about the severity of these intoxications, often underestimated, which lead very frequently to hospitalization.

3.Cannabis Trafficking Insecurity

In 2020, 60 people were killed and 250 injured in drug trafficking settlements in France, half of whom are under the age of 25.

Engagement on all fronts                                                                                                                                               Cannabis represents a danger that the State is fighting on all fronts.

CJC, to prevent addictions among youth                                                                                                                                On the prevention side, the Youth Consumer Consultations (CJC) provide help to young people and their entourage.

Present in almost all French departments and spread over 540 locations, these consultations offer a free and confidential welcome. They take place within the Specialized Centers for Support and Prevention in Addictology (CSAPA) or in places specialized in the reception of young people (Adolescents’ Houses and Youth Listening Points).

In 2020, the State invested €120 million to prevent and act against addictions related to psychoactive substances.

OFAST, to coordinate action against drugs                                                                                                                              In the area of trafficking repression and action against insecurity, the Anti-Counterfeiting Office (OFAST) ensures optimal coordination between services.

Set up on 1 January 2020 and attached to the Ministry of Interior, it is to the action against drugs what the DGSI (4) is to the action against terrorism.

In 2020, 96.5 tons of cannabis were seized by customs and law enforcement, and more than 26,000 drug trafficking convictions were issued. 

AFD, to sanction consumption and to avoid clogging up the courts                                                                              Since September 1st, 2020, drug users, including cannabis users, have been subject to a fixed tort fine (AFD) of €200 in the event of an offence detected by the police by electronic report.

With more than 70,000 violations identified since its implementation, AFD is a success that adds to the deployment of the 103 operational intelligence cells on narcotics (CROSS) (5) across the territory.

Social networks against cybercrime                                                                                                                                Through new units against cybercrime deployed by the Ministry of Interior, the State’s action is strengthening on social networks, where the drug market has significantly shifted in recent years, especially since the health crisis.

“We have stepped up our partnership work with Snapchat so that investigative services can keep certain data longer before it is erased.”      Gérald Darmanin, Minister of Interior

References

 (*) FDFE: Foundation for a Drug-Free Europe, established in 2004, is working with a hundred of groups of volunteers across Europe to inform and preventively educate youth and public via the materials of the campaign The Truth About Drugs, on the harmful effects of drug use. (www.fdfe.eu)

(1) THC: Delta9-TetraHydroCannabinol. Psychoactive molecule of cannabis.

(2) INSERM: National Institute of Health and Medical Research                                https://presse.inserm.fr/consommation-precoce-de-cannabis-et-influence-sur-les-resultats-scolaires-le-lien-se-precise/28377/  (in French)                                                                                                                                                                                     The hypothesis of a direct effect of cannabis use on the concentration, motivation, and ultimately school success of young people, is supported by data from neuroscience research showing specific lesions in adolescent users. (in International Journal of Epidemiology)

(3) ANSM: National Agency for the Safety of Medicinal and Health Products

(4) DGSI: Directorate-General for Internal Security

(5) CROSS: Regional Surveillance and Rescue Operations Centre

More data (in French) in the Press Kit:              https://www.gouvernement.fr/sites/default/files/document/document/2021/05/dossier_de_presse_-_comite_interministeriel_contre_les_stupefiants_-_28.05.2021.pdf

oOo

 

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